Microfinance Company Registration

What does Microfinance organisations mean?

Microfinance institutions offer financial services such as mortgages, deposits and benefits for society's vulnerable people and small business owners who cannot apply for a standard bank loan.

What are the characteristics of Microfinance organizations?

  • Here are Microfinance Institutions ' key features:
  • Microfinance organizations shall be established in compliance with the 2013 or 1956 Companies Act.
  • They must have a minimum net value as specified by the authority before beginning operations.
  • The correct authorization or permission must have been issued..

We become complicit in the poor level of funding of society's needy people

What are the advantages of the registration of  Microfinance Company?

Reserve Bank of India has developed a policy framework for microfinance institutions in India to provide the sector with the required credibility.

  • The strengths for Microfinance Institutions are as follows:
  • This aims to promote independence and creativity
  •  Easy access to financing
  • Better overall loan repayment rate in comparison to traditional banks.

This helps to strengthen the financial condition by meeting the requirements of the poor by providing different types of loans such as emergency loans, business loans, working capital loans, housing loans, etc.

What are the Legal types defined for Microfinance Company Registration?

Particulars NBFC-MFI Societies and Trust Section 8 Company

Cooperative Society

Governing Act/ Law

According to Companies Act, 2013 with the Reserve Bank of India

Society Registration as per Society Registration Act, 1860 and Trust Registration as per Indian Trust Act, 1882

Registration as per Companies Act, 2013

Registration as per Cooperative Societies Act, 2002

Requirement of Net Worth

Rs. 5 Crore and Rs. 2 Crore in case of North East States

No Minimum Requirement

No Minimum Requirement

No Minimum Requirement

Review of the similar Industry

With a large population, India is the second fastest rising economy in the world. In every town, government banks and banks in the private sector cannot open their branch. Although Indian banks have expanded their presence in remote areas, they still have limited reach. Microfinance institutions (MFIs) work mainly in villages / remote areas to help peasants and small businesses.

What does Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) as per the Non Banking Finance Company (NBFC)?

Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) are a non-deposit collecting NBFC (other than an authorized entity under section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013), It executes a small level of banking like a branch. MFI Exists at a very low level relative with NBFC. MFI stands for microfinance institutions that provide specific borrowing services to the vulnerable and poorer sections of society that have no access to regular banking facilities as NBFC.

Which requirements are need to be complied with in order to obtain the registration of microfinance companies?

For, Microfinance Company Registration, or you can claim MFI registration in India, a minimum paid-up capital provision of Rs. 5 crores is needed. Whereas the minimum paid-up stock capital allocation for the North-East region of India is only Rs. 2 Crore. MFIs will continue to maintain 85% of eligible capital. MFI will comply with the guidelines provided by RBI for NBFCs on terms and conditions of loans in general.

Note: Any business will carry out Microfinance Company's operations without RBI (Reserve Bank of India) prior approval).

What steps/ procedures are defined for registration of microfinance Companies in India?

Company Registration

The very first stage in the incorporation of MFI (Microfinance Institution) is to declare a corporation as either a Private Limited Company or a Public Limited Company pursuant to the 2013 Company Act. Originally, the company will be authorised with Rs.1.00000 currency. We must move to the next level after the client's registration.


The next move is to boost, as the case may be, approved and paid-up stock capital to Rs. 5 Crore or Rs. 2 Crore. It should be earned in the form of debt and not preferred stocks.

Bank Account Opening

After the business has been formed, the balance obtained shall be paid in the form of a Fixed Deposit into a bank account. After that, the lender must receive a certificate of no lien. An application to be submitted with the RBI will be attached to this certificate.

 Application of registration of Microfinance Company with Reserve Bank of India

The next move is to get all the certified copies and apply them for having business operations with the RBI. Subsequently, you will submit:

  • Print of the Incorporation Certificate
  • Print of a main topic clause extract in MOA.
  • Evidence of the approval of a fixed deposit.
  • Bankers No Lien Prize for Net Owned Fund
  • Report of the banks

Filing the application through online

 The RBI request for the Microfinance Company Registry will be submitted online. The company may collect the Company Request Reference Number upon submitting an application.

 Submission of hard copy

Once an electronic request has been completed, a hard copy of the application will be forwarded along with the necessary documents to the Reserve Bank of India regional office. RBI must carry out due diligence after receipt of the request and, upon completion, RBI will grant a company start-up certificate.

Which documents are required for Micro finance Institution in India?

  • From all executives and investors
  • Proof of a company's Certificate of Incorporation correctly issued.
  • Valid version of the Company's Memorandum of Understanding (MOA & AOA)
  • Committee decision on the possible incorporation of a microfinance firm
  • Record of the banker
  • Auditors comment on the acquisition of the claimant company's total net held fund (NOF)
  • Chartered accountant's certification about group / associate / subsidiary / holding company information and investment data in other NBFCs as shown in the Performa Balance Sheet
  • A valid version of the maximum technical and academic credential of all the claimant company's prospective managers.